Now Playing: Usain Bolt in Ultra-HD

Mari Silbey —  August 6, 2012 — 8 Comments

Super Hi-Vision Ultra-HD 8K camera

Comcast and NBC Universal hosted an Ultra-HD screening of several Olympic sporting events tonight in a nondescript office building not far from Washington D.C.’s Union Station. The second of its kind, tonight’s showcase included women’s swimming, women’s track and field, and the men’s 100-meter dash where Usain Bolt once again earned the title on Sunday night of world’s fastest man. The Ultra-HD video in the Comcast facility streams at 16 times the resolution of a typical high-definition television broadcast. And it was sharp enough tonight to allow those of us in the audience to identify the man who famously threw a beer bottle from the crowd on to the track at the start of Usain’s race.

The Ultra-HD video experience comes by way of a partnership including Comcast, NHK out of Japan, and the BBC. It’s branded as Super Hi-Vision, but the technology is also known more colloquially as 8K HD. There were 4K-resolution streams shown off at CES last January, and at the Cable Show in May, and you can even find limited 4K HD content on YouTube. However, there’s no other place in North or South America where 8K HD viewing is possible. Outside of Washington D.C., you have to go to the U.K. or Japan to see Ultra-HD.

So, is it worth it?

The video Comcast showed off in 8K HD was pretty impressive. Walk up close to the TV during a well-lit scene, and it looks like you could pluck the people  right off the screen – something that’s known as a “false 3D” effect. I could literally see the pectoral muscles of one of the bit players in the opening ceremonies, and I could read the signs in the audience gallery designating different seating sections during the swimming coverage. On the other hand, the clarity was less marked in some of the darker scenes, and at times I found it oddly distracting to see so much background detail in the Ultra-HD picture when my brain wanted to focus on what was front and center. I suspect both of these issues will get ironed out by the time 8K video becomes a commercial reality. By then we’ll have more advanced 8K cameras, and photographers will be trained to deliver more close-ups, and fewer wide-angle panoramas.

Which brings me to another important point: we likely won’t see Ultra-HD TV get commercialized until the end of the decade. The cost of the new equipment alone is enough to put it on the back burner, and then there’s the issue of bandwidth capacity. On the latter front, executives pointed out tonight that the NHK Ultra-HD stream comes in at a whopping 48 Gbps, which is then compressed down to about 360 Mbps for transport. For the D.C. location, the compressed stream is delivered over Internet 2 through the Atlantic Ocean to Ashburn, Virginia, where it’s then picked up by a Comcast fiber link. The transport stream is split into 22.2-channel audio and video, and the video portion is fed through eight H.264 decoders. That’s a lot of data to parse. It’s also a lot of data to move around and eventually display on a living-room TV.

So, if you’re in the mood for a little Ultra-HD, chances are you’ll have to find your way into a Washington D.C. Comcast event. Either that, or wait for the year 2020, and home gigabit broadband connections. I’m betting Usain will still own the 100-meter dash world record then. Hopefully nobody will throwing any more beer bottles.

 

8 responses to Now Playing: Usain Bolt in Ultra-HD

  1. Michael Burstin August 7, 2012 at 8:34 am

    What screen size were they displaying this on, and what is the minimum for it to be useful. I don’t see it being that useful for my 20 inch kitchen TV where I’m only a few feet away…

  2. I think it was 85″, though I wouldn’t swear to it. And you’re right, 8K is best viewed on a wall-sized display. But by 2020/2025, maybe that’s what we’ll all have.

  3. Nah, we’ll all have Google Glass and just stare into space. ;)

  4. “And you’re right, 8K is best viewed on a wall-sized display. But by 2020/2025, maybe that’s what we’ll all have.”

    You might be a bit early, given the whole Long Depression stuff. (TV could’ve gotten into homes way before the late 1940′s / early ’50′s with a normal economic environment.)

    But that’s exactly what 8K in the home is for: the day when wall-sized lightweight screens hit the $1,500 inflation adjusted price-point, and thus make folks want to make the effort to provide the content.

    “Nah, we’ll all have Google Glass and just stare into space.”

    You emoticon wink, but it’s worth pondering. And I’d say maybe someday they’ll work out the kinks, but Moore’s Law-ing wall-sized screens and FTTH infrastructure is easier, and thus will come sooner.

  5. How will it be delivered?

    20 years from now ATSC will still be the standard for OTA.

  6. Huh. 360Mbps for 8K? When they can do 2K (1920×1080) at like 8Mbps? I would have expected the bit rate to go up by less than the pixel rate, i.e. less than 4X, so maybe 32Mbps or something. Now of course they’re trying to make this as impressive as possible and they don’t want any artifacts at all, but still… And I suppose this is 8K progressive as well, so maybe another doubling. But you’d think they could do this for under 100Mbps…

    As far as the right approach to 8K video, I’ve heard others say the opposite–that because it was so real they were distracted by narrow depth of field shots since they expected to be able to focus their eyes on the parts of the frame not in focus. And thus more wide-angle etc. But regardless, they’ll obviously have to figure that sort of thing out over time.

  7. Glenn- You’re right, I suspect they’re able to deliver 8K at lower bitrates. But I guess if you’re going to go to the expense anyway, what the hell…

  8. Also, for the 8 h.264 decoders thing to work it seems likely they’re using at least 8 slices to encode the data. Which is going to be less efficient than using a single slice since you can’t make references across them. But still…

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